What is Knee Arthritis?
Arthritis is an umbrella term that refers to inflammation of the joints. The knee is one of the most common joints to develop arthritis, and when affected, it is often one of the most debilitating as well.
There are over 100 different types of arthritis, including rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. Although older adults and women are more likely to develop the condition, arthritis can affect anyone, of any age.
PAIN MANAGEMENT TREATMENTS FOR KNEE ARTHRITIS INCLUDE:
Osteoarthritis of the Knee
Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage that cushions the joint starts to degenerate, whether due to everyday “wear-and-tear,” overuse, or an unresolved prior injury. When the cartilage is worn away, it can no longer protect your bones from scraping against each other as you move. This leads to stiffness, swelling, and pain, and can even cause the formation of bone spurs.
Rheumatoid Arthritis in Knees
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder in which your body’s natural defenses target joint tissue. This type of arthritis will impact the body symmetrically, attacking both knees at the same time.
Knee Arthritis Symptoms
Arthritis of the knee can make everyday activities, like walking or climbing stairs, extremely painful. Arthritic pain can cut into your work productivity, keep you from your favorite hobbies, and significantly lower your quality of life. Fortunately, with early treatment, most patients can manage to avoid surgery and return to their normal routines.
Common symptoms and signs of knee arthritis include:
- Joint pain that worsens with activity, and eases up with rest.
- Stiffness – especially after long periods of rest.
- The knee is warm to the touch.
- Decreased knee joint mobility.
- Difficulty walking, getting in and out of chairs, climbing staircases, etc.
- Creaking or cracking sounds when moving the knee.
Arthritis After Knee injury
The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints of the human body. Three main components make up the knee: the joint between the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone), which has both an inner and an outer compartment, and the joint between the femur and the patella (kneecap).
These three main components are enveloped, cushioned, and strapped together by tendons, ligaments, cartilaginous padding, and fluid-filled sacs called bursae. These elements must work together to bear the weight of your body and keep you moving throughout your life. Unfortunately, so many interconnected parts present countless opportunities for injury.
Some of these injuries may contribute to your risk for arthritis of the knee, including:
- Ligament tears
- Meniscus tears
- Tendinitis of the knee
- Bone fractures
Knee Arthritis Relief
There is no cure for arthritis, but treatment can ease the pain and minimize its impact on your life. Treatment usually begins with conservative measures, with the goal of avoiding surgery if at all possible. Your treatment plan may include:
Physical therapy for knee arthritis
Cortisone injections for knee arthritis
A2M (Alpha-2-Macroglobulin) Injection
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy for knee arthritis
Your course of treatment will be tailored to meet your individual needs and lifestyle. If you suffer from arthritis, make an appointment with the pain specialists at Nuvo Spine.